Canada is most proud of its Indian tribes, which are broken down into three major categories. The following list highlights each of them.

The Inuits

This group of indigenous people has lived in the Inuit Nunangat since their existence. Nunangat makes up about fifty percent of the coastland and about thirty-five percent of the landmass of Canada. Within this region, there are 53 Inuit communities. The Inuits are a true example of living off the land, with their harvesting of caribou, seal, and narwhal. Nunangat means land, water, and ice. The Inuits, as of 2011, made up 4.2 percent of the Canadian population.

Some may think that Inuits are a native tribe that just keep to themselves, and are not really involved in the economy of Canada. Those thinking this way couldn’t be more wrong. One of their significant contributions is through their art. In 2015, this added $87.2 million to the GDP figure. Inuit art has become commercialized, which has opened the doors for their contributions to the Canadian economy.


The Metis group in Canada are comprised of those who are able to trace their ancestry back to the First Nations tribes, and the French European settlers. Originally their native status was rejected by the Canadian government, but that has changed, and they are now recognized as one of the three aboriginal tribes in Canada. Understanding the Metis category can be confusing. Just the way Metis is spelt dictates some factors about a group. As of 2011, the Metis made up of about 1.4 percent of the Canadian population.

First Nations

This is the group of indigenous people in Canada, that used to be referred to as Indians. The proper name is First Nations, which is made up of different tribes. The tribes are identified by the Nation they belong to, for example, Cree, Mohawk or Oneida just to name a few of many.

If one is referring to the aboriginal people of Canada, then it not only includes all the tribes under the First Nations, but the Inuits and the Metis as well. As of 2011, there were about 851560 citizens identified as First Nation individuals, which at that time made up about 2.6 percent of the Canadian population. Ontario is a popular province for many of the different First Nations tribes.

The First Nations People and the Gambling Industry

Some of the First Nations have entered into the casino industry. This has taken place in many of the provinces. By doing so, they have created exciting gambling venues, which is very important to many throughout Canada. The native-run casinos have top-notch facilities, and are very caring and giving to their communities. It has allowed them to enter into an industry that is giving them the opportunity to be independent.